30 Aug 2014 Russian 2015 Public Holidays Officialized (ITAR-TASS-Moscow) The Russian government has issued an official decree (Government Decree of 27.08.2014 No.860) confirming the earlier-announced draft list of annual non-working public holidays in Russia for the upcoming calendar year 2015.
• 28 Jun 2014 Russian 2015 Public Holidays Approved (ITAR-TASS-Moscow) The Russian Federation's Tripartite Commission for the regulation of social and labor relations, chaired by Deputy Prime Minister Olga Golodets, endorsed the recently-announced draft list of annual non-working public holidays in Russia for the upcoming calendar year 2015.
• 23 May 2014 Russian 2015 Public Holidays Announced (ITAR-TASS-Moscow) The Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation has released its annual "Government Resolution On The Transfer Of Public Holidays in 2015", which proposes a draft list of official public holidays and bridge holidays in Russia for the upcoming calendar year 2015.
• 11 Oct 2013 Russian Eid al-Adha Public Holiday in Ingushetia (Vestnik Kavkaza-Moscow) The head of the Russian Republic of Ingushetia, Yunus-Bek Yevkurov, has signed a decree proclaiming Tuesday, October 15, 2013, as a non-working public holiday for the upcoming celebration of Eid al-Adha (Feast of Sacrifice).
• 10 Jul 2013 Russia Mulls Public Holiday Date Change (ITAR-TASS-Moscow) A bill has been introduced to the Russian State Duma which would make amendments to the Labor Code concerning national holidays, and in particular change the date of Russia Day from June 12 to a "more significant date in national history".
• 03 Jun 2013 Russian 2014 Public Holidays Announced (ITAR-TASS-Moscow) The Russian Ministry of Labor, in response to the request of the Government of the Russian Federation, has released its annual "Government Resolution On The Transfer Of Public Holidays", which specifies a list of official public holidays and bridge holidays in Russia for the upcoming calendar year 2014.
• 17 Oct 2012 Russian 2013 Public Holidays Approved (ITAR-TASS-Moscow) Russian Prime Minister, Dmitry Medvedev, has issued a decree officializing the recent draft RF Government Resolution which specified the list of official public holidays and bridge holidays in Russia for the upcoming calendar year 2013.
• 29 Sep 2012 Russian 2013 Public Holidays Announced (ITAR-TASS-Moscow) The Russian Government has released a draft RF Government Resolution, which specifies a proposed list of official public holidays and bridge holidays in Russia for the upcoming calendar year 2013.
• 15 Mar 2012 Russia Declares 2 Additional Public Holidays (ITAR-TASS-Moscow) The recently-elected Russian President, Vladimir Putin, has announced an RF Government Resolution, which declares Monday and Tuesday, May 7 and 8, 2012, as additional non-working public holidays throughout Russia.
• 22 Dec 2011 Russian Religious Public Holidays Ruled Constitutional (Vestnik Kavkaza-Bashkortostan) The Russian Supreme Court has finally issued a ruling on the constitutionality of individual Russian Federation Republics declaring regional religious public holidays.
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Governing Law: Official public holidays in Russia are partially governed (see below) by the 2006 Act No. 90-FZ of 30 June 2006 to amend the Labour Code of the Russian Federation (Text No. 2878, Sobranie Zakonodatel'stva, 2006-07-03, No. 27, pp. 7528-7627) which made wholesale changes to the public holidays in Russia, as set in Article 112 of Russia's Labour Code, such as repealing the 1992 Ordinance No. 2981-I to declare 12 June a public holiday (Text No. 1393) and cancelling the November 7th public holiday.
• Bridge Public Holidays: The principle was established by Act No. 2-FZ of 18 January 2001 to supplement section 65 of the Labour Code (Text No. 274, Sobranie Zakonodatel'stva, 2001-01-22, No. 4, p. 997) which gave the possibility for the Government to transfer public holidays some other days, joining them with the next non-working days. Technically, this Act was repealed by the Labour Code of 30 December 2001, but the process, if anything, is getting more and more systematic every year, although these bridge public holidays are often declared during the current year (and then sometimes only just before), Russia will sometimes work on a Saturday or Sunday in order to bridge a public holiday that falls on a Tuesday or Thursday.
• Weekend Public Holidays: The occurrence of public holidays on a weekend is regulated by Ordinance No. 65 of 29 december 1992 to clarify several questions relating to the report of weekly holidays which coincide with public holidays (Bjulleten, 1992-11, No. 11-12, pp. 58-60), which provides that weekly holidays which coincide with public holidays are reported to the following day.
• Since the October 6, 2006 amendments to the Russian Labor Code, the federal government may now change the days on which public holidays fall, but any changes must be officially published no later than one month prior to the commencement of the calendar year in which it falls. Changes may only be adopted during the current calendar year if they are published no later than two months prior to the date to which the public holiday is to be moved.
• Traditionally, but not always systematically, if a holiday falls on a Thursday or a Tuesday, the adjacent Friday or Monday were moved on a Sunday or Saturday, thus making a long weekend followed by an extended, black workweek.
• International Women's Day (March 8) was created by the Soviet Union to celebrate women’s achievements at factories and in crop fields, operating heavy agricultural machinery and breaking out from domestic slavery. Despite recent attempts by greeting card makers and florists, there is very little romantic connotation attached to it. Due to its origins, this date is predominantly recognised in the countries with a Soviet background, where it often, but not always, remains an official holiday: Albania, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, China, Cuba, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Macedonia, Moldova, but especially Bulgaria, Romania and Russia. In Slavic countries, yellow Mimosa flowers are the symbol of the day.
• Victory Day (May 9) was proclaimed in 1965 by Leonid Brejnev shortly after his accession to the supreme leadership of the Soviet Union. This new holiday was intended to be more of a patriotic holiday than a marxist one .
• Replacement of Nov. 7 by Nov. 4. In Soviet times, November 7 was the main public holiday commemorating the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution. Celebrations under communism involved huge military parades and demonstrations observed by Soviet leaders on Lenin's mausoleum on Red Square. After the collapse of communism, November 7 was renamed National Reconciliation Day, but was only celebrated by hard-line left-wingers, who continued to mark it by marching on the streets under red banners. In 2004, the Russian parliament replaced National Reconciliation Day with National Unity Day on November 4, a pre-revolutionary public holiday commemorating the liberation of Moscow from Polish troops in 1612, which ended decades of civil war and foreign intervention in Russia.
• The second Sunday of March is one of the two universal election days in Russia in any particular year, along with the second Sunday of October, under a law introduced in August 2005. Under another law, however, elections cannot be held on a day immediately after a public holiday .
• Sami National Day, not an official public holiday, was set to be celebrated on February 6th, on the occasion of the 15th Sami conference in Helsinki in 1992. The Sami national day is common for all Sami, irrespective of where they live, whether in Sweden, Norway, Finland or Russia. The national day was celebrated for the first time in 1993 .
• Russia International Codes RU and RUS (2 and 3-letter ISO3166 codes) and .ru (ICANN national top-level internet domain). • Other Sources of Information The following specialized websites are also a good source of Russia information and news: Central Bank of Russia (Russia central bank), ASI Hot Spots (security-related world events: terrorist threats, political strife, strikes, criminal activity, aviation incidents and health outbreaks), CIA World Factbook (Russia maps, demographics and economic statistics), the IFES (information covering upcoming elections, referenda, electoral structures and voter participation in Russia), and Wikipedia (includes Russia commemorative dates that are not necessarily public holidays).